A complete sample of LSP blazars fully described in γ-rays. New γ-ray detections and associations with Fermi-LAT
Arsioli, B. ; Polenta, G. ; et al.
Aug - 2018
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201832786

journal : Astronomy & Astrophysics

Volume : 616 ; type: Article Journal

Abstract
Context. We study the γ-ray and broadband spectral energy distribution (SED) properties of a complete sample of 104 bright, radio-selected low-synchrotron peaked (LSP) blazars, which have well-characterized SEDs from radio to X-rays. Most of the sources have already been detected in the γ-ray band by Fermi-LAT, however almost 20% of these blazars have no counterpart in any of the Fermi catalogs published so far.Aims: Using the Fermi Science Tools, we look for γ-ray emission for those objects not yet reported in any Fermi-LAT catalog, finding new detections and associations. We then study the multifrequency SED for all sources in our sample, fitting their synchrotron (Syn) and inverse Compton (IC) components. A complete sample of LSP blazars with a full description in γ-ray is unique. We use this sample to derive the distribution of the Compton dominance (CD) along with population properties such as Syn and IC peak power, and frequency distributions.Methods: We performed a binned likelihood analysis in the 0.3-500 GeV energy band with Fermi-LAT Pass 8 data, integrating over 7.5 yr of observations. We studied γ-ray light curves and test statistic (TS) maps to validate new detections and associations, thereby building a better picture of the high-energy activity in radio-selected LSP blazars. We fit the IC component for the new detections using all data at our disposal from X-rays to GeV γ-rays, enhancing the amount of information available to study the Syn to IC peak-power correlations.Results: We deliver a unique characterization in γ-rays for a complete sample of LSP blazars. We show that three previously unidentified 3FGL sources can be associated with blazars when using improved γ-ray positions obtained from TS maps. Six previously unreported γ-ray sources are detected at TS > 20 level, while another three show TS values between 10-20. We evaluate two cases in which source confusion is likely present. In four cases there is no significant γ-ray signature when integrating over 7.5 yr. Short-lived flares at 1 month scale, however, have been detected in these sources. Finally, we measure the log(CD) for the sample, which has a Gaussian-like distribution with median log(CD) ≈ 0.1, implying that on average the peak-power for the Syn and IC components in LSP blazars is similar.

keywords : gamma rays: galaxies, galaxies: active