Mineralogy mapping of the Ac-H-5 Fejokoo quadrangle of Ceres
S. Singh ; J-P. Combe ; L.A. McFadden ; et al. ; - ASI Sponsor
Aug - 2018
DOI: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0019103517303330

journal : Icarus
type: Article Journal

This paper focuses on the identification and distribution of compositional units and their stratigraphic relationships in the Fejokoo quadrangle of Ceres (Ac-5) located between 21–66°N and 270–360°E and named after one of its prominent and well-preserved impact craters, Fejokoo (centered at 26°N and 312°E). In this quadrangle, we observed that hydroxylated- (OH-rich) and ammoniated- (NH4-rich) phyllosilicates are present everywhere, in various abundances; low abundance is observed on bright terrains and higher abundances are observed on lobate materials associated with craters. Carbonates are mostly correlated with the high-albedo areas surrounding Oxo (359.7°E, 42.2°N) and other major craters, and are mixed with Ceres’ most common surface composition type (i.e. low albedo, phyllosilicate-rich material). There are a few locations where carbonates and phyllosilicates co-exist, indicating a range of geological or chemical processes produced them in co-existence. No correlation between the surface composition and the age of the craters was found. Instead, the composition observed on impact craters depends on the size of the impact and the composition of the different stratigraphic layers excavated. The compositional interpretation inferred from Dawn's visible-infrared spectrometer data of the Fejokoo quadrangle is consistent with the presence of an internal ocean that produced carbonates and phyllosilicates via aqueous alteration of minerals.

keywords : Dwarf planetAsteroidsSurface compositionSpectroscopy