High‐performance cryogenic fractal 180° hybrid power divider with integrated directional coupler
Adelaide Ladu ; Giorgio Montisci ; Giuseppe Valente ; et al.
May - 2017
DOI: 10.1002/2017RS006292

journal : Radio Science

Volume : 52 ; Issue : 6
type: Article Journal

Abstract
A 180° hybrid and a directional coupler to be employed in the P‐band cryogenic receiver of the Sardinia Radio Telescope are proposed in this work. An in‐depth study of the issues related to the use of microwave components for cryogenic radio astronomy receivers is carried out to select the best suited technology and configuration. As a result, a planar fractal 180° hybrid configuration available in the literature has been optimized aiming to increase the operating bandwidth in order to comply with the design specifications of the application at hand. A coupled line directional coupler with weak coupling and high isolation, used to calibrate the receiver chain, is cascaded to the 180° hybrid and realized in the same layout. The final device, consisting of the 180° hybrid and the directional coupler, has been manufactured and tested at the cryogenic temperature of 20 K, showing a good agreement between experimental results and predicted performance.

keywords :