Galactic cosmic ray spectral index: the case of Forbush decreases of March 2012
M. LivadaH. ; Mavromichalaki ; C. Plainaki
Jan - 2018
DOI: 10.1007/s10509-017-3230-9

journal : Astrophysics and Space Science

Volume : 363 ; Issue : 1
type: Article Journal

During the burst of solar activity in March 2012, close to the maximum of solar cycle 24, a number of X-class and M-class flares and halo CMEs with velocity up to 2684 km/s were recorded. During a relatively short period (7–21 March 2012) two Forbush decreases were registered in the ground-level neutron monitor data. In this work, after a short description of the solar and geomagnetic background of these Forbush decreases, we deduce the cosmic ray density and anisotropy variations based on the daily cosmic ray data of the neutron monitor network (; Applying to our data two different coupling functions methods, the spectral index of these Forbush decreases was calculated following the technique of Wawrzynczak and Alania (Adv. Space Res. 45:622–631, 2010). We pointed out that the estimated values of the spectral index γ of these events are almost similar for both cases following the fluctuation of the Forbush decrease. The study and the calculation of the cosmic ray spectrum during such cosmic ray events are very important for Space Weather applications.

keywords : Cosmic rays; Spectral index; Forbush decreases; Neutron monitor