Analysis of IR-bright regions of Jupiter in JIRAM-Juno data: Methods and validation of algorithms
D. Grassi, N.I. Ignatiev, G. Sindoni, E. d'Aversa, T. Maestri, A. Adriani, A. Mura, G. Filacchione, B.M. Dinelli, R. Noschese, A. Cicchetti, G. Piccioni, D. Turrini, F. Tosi, M.L. Moriconi, A. Olivieri, C. Plainaki
Nov - 2017
DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2017.08.008

journal : Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer

Volume : 202 ; Issue : November 2017
type: Article Journal

In this paper, we detail the retrieval methods developed for the analysis of the spectral data from the JIRAM experiment on board of the Juno NASA mission [1], operating in orbit around Jupiter since July 2016. Our focus is on the analysis of the thermal radiation in the 5 µm transparency window in regions of lesser cloud opacity (namely, hot-spots).Moving from the preliminary analysis presented in [2], a retrieval scheme has been developed and implemented as a complete end-to-end processing software. Performances in terms of fit quality and retrieval errors are discussed from tests on simulated spectra, while some example and issue from usage on actual Jupiter data are also discussed.Following the suggestion originally presented in [3] for the analysis of the data from the Near Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (NIMS) on board of the NASA Galileo spacecraft, the state vector to be retrieved has been drastically simplified on physically sounding basis, aiming mostly to distinguish between the 'deep' content of minor gaseous components (H2O, NH3, PH3) and their relative humidity or fractional scale height in the upper troposphere. The retrieval code is based on a Bayesian scheme [4], complemented by simulated annealing method for most problematic cases.The key parameters retrievable from JIRAM individual spectra are the NH3 and PH3 deep contents, the H2O vapor relative humidity as well as the total aerosol opacity.Limitations related to the approximations of forward model methods are also assessed quantitatively.

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Notes : AcknowledgmentsThis work was supported by the Italian Space Agency through ASI-INAF contract I/010/10/0 and 2014-050-R.0. [...]