Radiation tests of single photon avalanche diode for space applications
Moscatelli, Francesco ; Marisaldi, Martino ; Maccagnani, Piera ; ...Rubini, Danilo
Jan - 2013
DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2013.01.056
Book Title : Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
pages: 65--72; Volume: 711;
type: Book Section

Abstract
Single photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) have been recently studied as photodetectors for applications in space missions. In this presentation we report the results of radiation hardness test on large area SPAD (actual results refer to SPADs having 500\mum diameter). Dark counts rate as low as few kHz at −10°C has been obtained for the 500\mum devices, before irradiation. We performed bulk damage and total dose radiation tests with protons and gamma-rays in order to evaluate their radiation hardness properties and their suitability for application in a Low Earth Orbit (LEO) space mission. With this aim SPAD devices have been irradiated using up to 20krad total dose with gamma-rays and 5krad with protons. The test performed show that large area SPADs are very sensitive to proton doses as low as 2×108 (1MeVeq)n/cm2 with a significant increase in dark counts rate (DCR) as well as in the manifestation of the “random telegraph signal” effect. Annealing studies at room temperature (RT) and at 80°C have been carried out, showing a high decrease of DCR after 24–48h at RT. Lower protons doses in the range 1–10×107 (1MeVeq)n/cm2 result in a lower increase of DCR suggesting that the large-area SPADs tested in this study are well suitable for application in low-inclination LEO, particularly useful for gamma-ray astrophysics.

keywords : Radiation hardness,Single photon detection,Space-qualified detectors