Identification and characterisation of a novel acylpeptide hydrolase from Sulfolobus solfataricus: structural and functional insights
Gogliettino, M ; Balestrieri, M ; Cocca, E ; - ASI Sponsor
Jan - 2012
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037921

journal : PloS one

Volume : 7 ; Issue : 5
type: Article Journal

A novel acylpeptide hydrolase, named APEH-3Ss, was isolated from the hypertermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus. APEH is a member of the prolyl oligopeptidase family which catalyzes the removal of acetylated amino acid residues from the N terminus of oligopeptides. The purified enzyme shows a homotrimeric structure, unique among the associate partners of the APEH cluster and, in contrast to the archaeal APEHs which show both exo/endo peptidase activities, it appears to be a “true” aminopeptidase as exemplified by its mammalian counterparts, with which it shares a similar substrate specificity. Furthermore, a comparative study on the regulation of apeh gene expression, revealed a significant but divergent alteration in the expression pattern of apeh-3Ss and apehSs (the gene encoding the previously identified APEHSs from S. solfataricus), which is induced in response to various stressful growth conditions. Hence, both APEH enzymes can be defined as stress-regulated proteins which play a complementary role in enabling the survival of S. solfataricus cells under different conditions. These results provide new structural and functional insights into S. solfataricus APEH, offering a possible explanation for the multiplicity of this enzyme in Archaea.

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